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The 2017 International Celiac Disease Symposium Recap #1 EP042

In his opening talk at the 2017 International Celiac Disease Symposium, celiac expert Dr. Abul Abbas of UC San Francisco said, “We are drowning in data, but thirsting for information.” Though there is still much debate around celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity (even among global experts), the featured ICDS speakers sifted through the numbers to help practitioners interpret what the latest studies can tell us about the negative effects of gluten and how celiac disease presents in populations all over the world.

Today the globetrotting Gluten Free RN is coming to us from Thailand, after attending the International Celiac Disease Symposium in New Delhi, India. Armed with the latest information from the ICDS clinical forum, Nadine covers talks given by Dr. Abbas on gluten and the immunological system, and Dr. Alessio Fasano on the spectrum of gluten-related disorders. She relays information regarding the barriers researchers face in studying autoimmune disease as well as gluten’s negative impact on body tissue, including that of our brain.

Nadine also shares the most up-to-date statistics around the big business that is celiac disease and the increasing prevalence of gluten intolerance in the US and Asia. She discusses the importance of celiac testing in patients with other autoimmune and neurological disorders and the need for a global education campaign. Listen as Nadine educates you about what gluten is, where it hides, what you can do to avoid it, and how to undo the damage and get healthy again!

What’s Discussed:

The challenge of eating gluten-free in India

The highlights of Dr. Abul Abbas’ talk on the immunological system

  • Celiac disease as autoimmune issue
  • ‘Drowning in data, but thirsting for info’

The importance of the thymus gland

  • T cells manufactured there

Why the ‘mouse model’ doesn’t work well in the study of celiac disease

The impossibility of in vivo experiments for celiac research

The significance of epithelial barriers in a functioning immune system

  • First line of defense against microorganisms
  • Produce local antibodies

The difficulty of studying the dendritic cells

  • Inside tissues

How the immune system recognizes double-stranded RNA (viruses)

  • Can’t escape autoimmune response
  • Should not recognize own single-stranded as ‘invader’

Dr. Terry Wahls’ work around the mitochondria

  • Cured MS with Paleo diet

Dr. Alessio Fasano’s presentation

  • ‘Spectrum of Gluten-Related Disorders’
  • Controversy re: who should go gluten-free
  • Gluten affects every tissue in body (even brain)
  • Celiac cases double every 15 years in US
  • 1:2 in US will try gluten-free diet this year

The big business of celiac disease

  • $17.6B industry at end of 2017
  • Largest untapped market in world

Who is affected by the gluten protein

  • Gluten can’t be digested by human body (long chain amino acid)
  • Triggers autoimmune response, especially in HLA-DQ2/HLA-DQ8 gene carriers
  • Patients without genetic predisposition can present with villous atrophy
  • In absence of celiac diagnosis, may still have non-celiac gluten sensitivity
  • AGA-positive patients at risk for developing neurological issues

How infants exposed to gluten are at an increased risk for developing celiac disease

  • Includes exposure in utero, breast milk
  • No downside to eliminating gluten from baby’s diet

The value of avoiding gluten exposure for infants

  • Emotionally stable
  • Grow, develop appropriately

The latest statistics regarding the prevalence of celiac disease

  • Increased to 3% in US (not 1% consistently reported)
  • 30-50% of world population has genetic predisposition
  • Global prevalence of 1.37%

Celiac disease in the Asian population

  • Used to say could not develop celiac disease
  • At increased risk of developing neurological disorders
  • 6-8M people in east, south Asia
  • 50 countries make up 60% of world population
  • 35B people in China have celiac disease
  • 22B people in India have celiac disease
  • 19% of Chinese 16-25 tested positive for celiac disease in study

How the Chinese diet has evolved over time

  • Older Chinese ate much less wheat
  • Fast food has become common in recent years
  • Despite rice-based diet, many products contain wheat (soy sauce, cashews)

Other disorders that may indicate undiagnosed celiac disease

  • Anemia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Elevated liver enzymes
  • Eating disorders
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Autoimmune thyroiditis

Why patients should be tested for celiac disease annually

  • Can seroconvert at anytime
  • Develops at any age with any/no symptoms

The new information about a potential connection between Wilson’s and celiac disease

  • 3% of Wilson’s patients tested positive

What celiac experts agreed on at ICDS 2017

  • Poor support, understanding of celiac disease
  • Need to increase knowledge base (general practitioners, food manufacturers, public)
  • Important to find where gluten hides
  • Must take education campaign to non-traditional settings

Resources:

Nima Sensor

Gluten Free RN Travel Podcast EP036

Gluten Free Passport Allergy Cards

Dr. Terry Wahls’ Website

ICDS 2017 Program

Connect with Nadine: 

Instagram

Facebook

Contact via Email

‘Your Skin on Gluten’ on YouTube

Melodies of the Danube Gluten-Free Cruise with Nadine

Books by Nadine:

Dough Nation: A Nurse’s Memoir of Celiac Disease from Missed Diagnosis to Food and Health Activism

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Celiac Disease Worldwide EP016


Wherever there is wheat, there is susceptibility to celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity. Gluten is a growing global problem, exacerbated by the popularity of the western diet around the world. This issue has personal, social and political implications as it places a significant economic burden on individuals, communities, and even entire nations.

 The Gluten Free RN brings us a ‘big picture’ perspective of the celiac and gluten sensitive population around the world, as we learn about how other countries support these individuals. She also covers the industries that have begun to recognize the power of the gluten free population as a consumer group.

 Nadine will be doing some globe-trotting herself come September for the International Celiac Disease Symposium in New Delhi, and she is currently soliciting advice regarding where and how to eat safely during her travels in India and Thailand. Feel free to message her with recommendations!  

What’s Discussed: 

When and where wheat originated

  • Fertile Crescent (Northern Africa and the Middle East)
  • 10,000 years ago
  • High prevalence of celiac disease in these regions now

 The International Celiac Disease Symposium

  • September 2017 in New Delhi
  • Held every two years
  • Scientists, medical professionals and other interested parties
  • Share latest research

 Where celiac disease is common

  • Anywhere people are eating grains
  • More widespread as other regions adopt a western diet
  • Increased risk in Punjab population of India

 The basics of celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity

  • Can present in many ways (300+ signs and symptoms)
  • #1 autoimmune disease in the world
  • More likely to recover the sooner identified
  • 30-50% of the population carry the genes (HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8) that indicate predisposition
  • Body doesn’t have enzymes to break down gluten proteins
  • Gluten damages intestines
  • Nadine recommends adopting a Paleo diet in order to heal

 The World Health Organization’s “burden of disease”

  • Measures the impact of celiac disease
  • Based on financial cost, mortality, morbidity, etc.

 How Italy supports celiac patients

  • Provide extra days off work for doctor’s appointments, shopping
  • Ship gluten free food

 Potential symptoms of celiac disease affecting every ethnicity

  • Odd gait (gluten ataxia)
  • Skin rash (dermatitis herpetiformis)

 The power of celiac and gluten-sensitive patients as a group

  • Largest untapped market in the world
  • Some industries taking notice (pharmaceutical, food)
  • Use influence to heal selves and educate others

 Why some people are so resistant to eliminating grains

  • Sometimes crave what is bad for you
  • Nutritional deficiencies may cause addiction

 Resources Mentioned:

 Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies –  by Jared M. Diamond

Connect with Nadine: 

Instagram

Facebook

Contact via Email

Books by Nadine:

Dough Nation: A Nurse’s Memoir of Celiac Disease from Missed Diagnosis to Food and Health Activism